Sebanyak 6 item atau buku ditemukan

Researching Theories of Crime and Deviance

Many textbooks provide summaries and critiques of criminological theories, which are often supported by empirical evidence. However, this evidence is only as good as the research methods that were used to generate it. Where do these "facts" come from, and how reliable are they? Researching Theories of Crime and Deviance offers a critical evaluation of the research methods that generate data, bridging the gap between theory and research in the study of crime and deviant behavior. This unique resource challenges students to carefully appraise--rather than blindly accept--the research techniques that are used to produce theories and scholarship. In clear and engaging language, noted criminologists Charis E. Kubrin, Thomas D. Stucky, and Marvin D. Krohn assess the various research methods that have been used to test nine theoretical perspectives of crime. As they examine the processes and challenges of conducting theoretically directed research, the authors focus on sampling, measurement, and analytical issues. Coverage includes: * Rational Choice/Deterrence Theory * Trait Theories * Social Disorganization Theory * Anomie/Strain Theory * Social Learning Theory * Social Control Theory * Labeling Theory * Conflict Theory * Integrated Theory A dynamic and compelling text, Researching Theories of Crime and Deviance demystifies the research process, encouraging students to become better informed readers and researchers. It serves as an excellent resource for criminological theory courses, graduate-level research methods courses, and seminars that take a close look at the development of criminological theory and/or methods.

Researching Theories of Crime and Deviance offers a critical evaluation of the research methods that generate data, bridging the gap between theory and research in the study of crime and deviant behavior.

An Introduction to Theories of Human Development

This brief, accessible core text provides a comprehensive view of the major developmental perspectives in a way that should appeal especially to students going on to applied careers in the social and behavioral sciences, education, and the human services and other helping professions. Neither overly detailed nor unnecessarily technical, it is intended as a basic introduction. At the same time, the author does not "talk down" or condescend to the reader. He emphasizes the applied nature of these developmental theories, not only in the text material but also with features such as boxed highlights. The book is organized into five major parts, beginning with an introduction to the primary concepts and important ideas about human development and research and then grouping various theories into four major theoretical perspectives--maturational and biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, and cognitive developmental--before concluding with an integrative chapter that compares the various theories covered.

The book is organized into five major parts, beginning with an introduction to the primary concepts and important ideas about human development and research and then grouping various theories into four major theoretical perspectives- ...

PLURALISME METODOLOGI

Diskursus Sains, Filsafat, dan Tasawuf

Main problem buku ini diawali dari kegelisahan penulis terhadap dinamika keilmuan Islam yang terstagnansi oleh situasi problematis tertentu. Secara internal, terdapat realitas pemihakan serta klaim validitas dan keunggulan suatu metode ilmiah atas metode ilmiah lainnya sehingga sejarah epistemologi Islam diwarnai oleh silang pendapat antar disiplin ilmu. Peristiwa kasuistik untuk problem ini antara lain penolakan prinsip kausalitas yang merupakan asumsi dasar sains, serangan terhadap metodologi filsafat yang berimplikasi pada pengkafiran beberapa filosof muslim, superioritas metode yang ditunjukkan pada peristiwa eksekusi al-Hallaj, dominasi saintisme, serta pemaknaan ilmu yang hirarkis-dikotomis. Secara eksternal, terdapat fakta dominasi epistemologi positivistik terhadap kinerja ilmuwan muslim dalam melakukan penelitian ilmiah sehingga kajian keilmuan dalam Islam diwarnai oleh paradigma logis empiris yang merupakan karakter esensial sains. Atas dasar itulah penulis mengangkat tema pluralisme dalam konteks metodologi dengan asumsi bahwa Islam bersifat terbuka untuk berdialog dengan model pemikiran manapun, termasuk pluralisme, dan karena itu pula kajian tentang pluralisme metodologi Ilmiah dalam perspektif Islam perlu dilakukan. Pembahasan epistemologi Islam dalam kajian ini sama sekali tidak bermaksud untuk membuat kontras dengan epistemologi Barat sebab akan semakin mengukuhkan eksklusivitas epistemologi Islam. Untuk itu, penulis mengungkap epistemologi Barat di samping epistemologi Islam ke dalam suasana dialog sehingga pada hal-hal prinsipil tertentu kedua sistem epistemologi tersebut dapat dipertemukan dan prinsip-prinsip umum sebagai syarat sebuah bangunan epistemologi dapat dipertanggungjawabkan. Namun secara faktual, suatu sistem epistemologi tentunya tidak lahir dari ruang yang hampa sejarah. Ia lahir dalam dialektikanya dengan suatu konteks kultural sehingga refleksi epistemologinya memiliki keunikan tersendiri. Sebagai sebuah fenomena kultural, keunikan epistemologis merupakan hal yang natural.

Atas dasar itulah penulis mengangkat tema pluralisme dalam konteks metodologi dengan asumsi bahwa Islam bersifat terbuka untuk berdialog dengan model pemikiran manapun, termasuk pluralisme, dan karena itu pula kajian tentang pluralisme ...